Dictionaries in Asia
It was the wish of Dr. Gregory James, Director of the Language Centre of Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, to hold a conference of lexicography in Asia. The dream was realised with a grant from the Japanese government and full support from scholars in the field. A conference entitled "Dictionaries in Asia: research and pedagogical implications", which was organised by the Centre, was held in Hong Kong from March 26 to 29, 1997.
Papers were arranged according to four themes, one for each day:
The aims of the Conference were threefold. First, it aimed to bring together prominent speakers in the field of lexicography to share their expertise and help promote the development of dictionaries in Asian regions. Second, it was to be a rendezvous for lexicographers, publishers and language teachers (English and Chinese) to discuss the making of various dictionaries and their use in language learning. Third, the Conference was also being held with a view to forming an Asian Association for Lexicography (ASIALEX).
To achieve the first goal, we started by inviting distinguished scholars in the field from various Asian countries to be plenary speakers. Since no connection of any kind had existed, we went through quite a difficult stage to locate the whereabouts of potential speakers. After much search, we got hold of their addresses and started writing to them. Since we were not sure whether the information obtained was up-to-date, and in some parts of Asia the postal service is still not very well developed, it was a long and anxious wait. Every reply was received with excitement. Altogether we invited eight prominent figures from countries in the region: Jordan, PR China, Korea, Japan, Singapore, Indonesia, and India.
Since the Conference was targeted at promoting lexicography in the region, besides featuring well-established speakers in the field, we attempted to include potential 'stars' of the future. We were very lucky to receive a total of HK$168,000 from the Japan Foundation Asia Center and Siemens (HK), to provide scholarships for twelve postgraduate students from various Asian countries to present papers at the Conference. The sponsorship was awarded purely on merit and by open competition.
One of the innovative features of the Conference was its focus on the pedagogical implications of dictionaries. I believe there is a triangular relationship among lexicographers, teachers and language students. In this 'lexicographic triangle', with lexicographers and students in two corners, language teachers play an important role in bridging the gap between the sophisticated scholars and the unskilled learners. Hence, it was only natural to make the conference a meeting-place for all those concerned.
On the second day of the Conference, presenters from all over the world discussed research data and experience in using various dictionaries to teach language. The kinds of dictionaries involved ranged from monolingual English or Chinese printed copies to electronic bilingual ones.
Moreover, there were dictionary workshops given on that day by Oxford University Press, Longman Asia and Commercial Press (HK), with the theme "How to use dictionaries to learn reading and writing". Local secondary school teachers of English and Chinese were invited to join workshops as well as the Conference. Over 250 teachers came.
The third goal of the Conference was to form an Asian Association of Lexicography (ASIALEX), which will act as a catalyst for future cooperative research. In Europe, Australia, Africa and North America, pan-continental associations of lexicography already exist - EURALEX, AUSTRALEX, AFRILEX and DSNA respectively. It was hoped that ASIALEX would act as a focus for lexicographic development in Asia, as well as a clearing-house for research and development information and regional cooperation, and with the prospect of attracting grant funding for disbursement.
A Preparatory Committee of ASIALEX was set up four months before the Conference to make all the necessary arrangements. Its members included scholars from Hong Kong and PR China. Moreover, representatives from AFRILEX, AUSTRALEX and EURALEX, namely, Prof D. Prinsloo, Dr. C. Yallop and Dr. R.R.K. Hartmann respectively, were invited as consultants for both the Conference and the Preparatory Committee.
On the last day of the conference the first AGM of ASIALEX was held. Over seventy participants joined in the proceedings. The AGM was chaired by Dr. A. Taylor, representative of the Preparatory Committee. It began with a plenary forum with representatives from the various LEXes describing their experience in setting up their associations, followed by Dr. T. McArthur providing an overview of the need for - and benefits of - global links and cooperation between workers in the field of lexicography. An Executive Committee was then elected and ASIALEX was inaugurated in the presence of all the participants.
The ASIALEX Executive Committee (1997-1999) is made up of the following members:
The Conference ended with the formal
inauguration of ASIALEX. I was very
fortunate to have the opportunity to be the convener of the Conference
and I would like to express my deepest gratitude to those who
helped in making the event a success. From what I have observed
- following a Chinese saying "there are certainly a lot
of pearls buried under the hay" - much has been done in
various countries in Asia but most, if not all, has not been
properly documented and brought to light. In order to disseminate
to other parts of the world work that has been carried out in
the region, the Language Centre will work on the publication
of selected papers presented at the Conference and ensure a wide
distribution. In the long run, however, it will be the responsibility
of ASIALEX to remedy the situation.
Amy Chi graduated in Applied Linguistics
from Exeter University, and works as Instructor at the Language
Centre of Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Her
most recent publication is a critical user-oriented review of
the Collins Cobuild Dictionary. She specialises in pedagogical
lexicography, dictionary use, and teacher and learner training,
and is currently reading for her doctorate at Macquarie University,
with a thesis on pedagogical lexicography.
10 Nahum Street, Tel Aviv 63503 Israel
tel: 972-3-5468102 fax: 972-3-5468103