Kernerman Dictionary News Number 11 July
Oxford Student's Dictionary for Hebrew Speakers,
The OSDE has been adapted for the use of Hebrew speakers, not only by translating all the entries and subentries, but also by making it particularly relevant to Israeli users, e.g. by adding a large number of entries and subentries (especially words commonly used in Israeli educational institutions and local textbooks).
The former editions of this dictionary have been in use for over 25 years as auxiliary material in class and in examinations. When the semi-bilingual dictionary first appeared, it was soon recognized to be far more useful than the monolingual OSD used in class previously, which had been hardly referred to by examinees or indeed by students in their regular lessons. Hitherto, students had tended to use a bilingual dictionary, but the advantages of the semi-bilingual type were immediately evident, with the explanations in simple English, i.e. the language of instruction in the communicative framework of the English curriculum and methodology, and the numerous examples (after all, “meaning lies in the context”)—features of the monolingual dictionary—but now also with the satisfying and confirming existence of the Hebrew translation of the headword.
This edition of the Oxford dictionary has been totally rewritten, taking into account advances in linguistics, teaching methodology and lexicography, and covering areas such as hi-tech in general and computers in particular, as well as business studies, the sciences and professions, education, literature and the arts, tourism and communication needs in general. The dictionary has over 47,000 references, and consists of: headwords; definitions, in English; parts of speech of the headwords, together with other grammatical information (countable/uncountable nouns, transitive/intransitive verbs, etc.); idioms; example phrases and sentences; the Hebrew translation of the headwords (and where necessary also of idiomatic expressions found in the example sentences); usage notes; opposites; synonyms; register and style (formal, informal, technical); charts, diagrams and pictures; appendices (irregular verbs, affixes, geographical names, expressions using numbers).
The definitions and examples are in British spelling, but the American equivalents are also given. Thus, faucet is given as the American equivalent of tap, both as part of the entry for tap and as a separate entry.
Raphael Gefen, Editor
It is possible that other SBDs appeared before, that have not come to my attention. Other dictionaries I have occasionally heard about turned out to be not semi-bilingual but rather, to use R.R.K. Hartmann’s term, “bilingualized”, in which not only the headword is translated, but the definitions and/or examples are translated as well.
In Israel, the appearance of OSDHS and, in 1987, Harrap’s English Dictionary for Speakers of Arabic, marked the first official recognition of the use of the mother tongue in the foreign language classroom. The acceptance was so complete, that it has eventually become the only type of dictionary permitted in the English matriculation examinations, which are themselves geared to this dictionary. Monolingual dictionaries are not permitted in the school sytem at all, and bilingual dictionaries may be used by students at the lower level of matriculation.
OSDHS had over 50 reprintings of the first two editions (2e published in 1993). Its impact on pedagogical lexicography and English learners’ dictionaries goes well beyond Israel, in many countries and languages worldwide.
Lionel Kernerman, Publisher
10 Nahum Street, Tel Aviv 63503 Israel
tel: 972-3-5468102 fax: 972-3-5468103